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同等学力考试英语专项训练(5)

同等学力申硕是最受大家青睐的方式,考生可以先入学后考试,其中考试是大家比较关注的,为了使大家顺利的通过考试,中国研究生招生信息网为大家分享了英语专项训练题,一起来看看!

完形填空:

Passage

Smoking, which may be a pleasure for some people, is a serious source of discomfort for their fellows. Medical authorities express their 21about the effect of smoking on the health not only 22those who smoke but also of those who do not. In fact, nonsmokers who must involuntarily inhale the air polluted by the tobacco smoke may 23more than the smokers themselves.

As you are doubtless aware, a considerable number of our students have 24an effort to 25the university to ban smoking in the classrooms. I believe they are entirely right in their aim.

26, I would hope that it is possible to achieve this by 27on the smokers to use good judgment and show concern for others rather than 28 regulation.

Smoking is prohibited by city laws in theaters and in halls used for showing films as well as in laboratories 29there may be a fire hazard. Elsewhere, it is up to your good sense.

I am therefore asking you to maintain “No Smoking” in the auditoriums and classrooms. This will prove that you have to keep nonsmokers’ health and well-being 30, which is very important to a large number of our students.

21.

A. concern

B. trouble

C. interest

D. displeasure

22.

A. to

B. about

C. with

D. of

23.

A. endure

B. suffer

C. undergo

D. put up with

24.

A. joined

B. directed

C. joined in

D. directed at

25.

A. make

B. persuade

C. cause

D. tell

26.

A. But then

B. However

C. Further

D. Moreover

27.

A. pleading

B. begging

C. insisting

D. calling

28.

A. with

B. by

C. to

D. in

29.

A. which

B. when

C. where

D. in

30.

A. on mind

B. in heart

C. in mind

D. on heart

完形填空参考翻译:

吸烟可能对某些人来说是一件愉快的事情,但却为他们的伙伴带来一系列的不适。吸烟不仅对烟民也对非烟民的健康造成了影响,医疗当局对这一影响表示担忧。实际上,不得不吸入受到烟草污染的空气的非烟民比烟民自己受到的伤害更大。

就像你知道的那样,相当多的学生加入了试图说服学校禁止在教室吸烟的活动。我相信他们的目的是完全正确的。然而,我希望他们这个目标是通过呼吁烟民使用自己良好的判断力以及为他人着想实现的,而不是通过规定。

城市法规禁止在歌剧院,电影院以及实验室这些容易发生火灾的地方吸烟。在其它地方,就靠你自己的判断。

因此我呼吁大家在观众席和教室里面不要吸烟。这将表明你在心里牢记着非烟民的健康和幸福,这对我们大多数学生来说都是非常重要的。

21. A. concern

concern“关心,挂念”,后面常跟介词about或者for,express/show concern about sth表示“对……表示担心,关心”。trouble“困难,困境,麻烦的事”,常用的结构是have trouble with sth.或者have trouble in doing sth.,表示“做某事有困难”。Interest兴趣,常和介词in 连用,have interest in sth.表示“对……有兴趣”。displeasure不愉快,不满意。因此选concern。

22. D. of

这个空缺所在的句子虽然很长,但是选择本题的关键在于not only… but also上。这个短语连接结构形式一样的两个并列的成分,而且but also后面是“of those”,出现了介词of。根据这一点就可以直接判断出答案为of。

23. B. suffer

Suffer此处是不及物动词,意思是“受损害”。Undergo经历,经受;put up with忍受。C和D都是及物动词,后面必须跟上一个宾语。Endure持久,忍耐,也是不及物动词,但是不符合提议,因此选B。

24. C. joined in

join in“参加,参与”,相当于take part in,后面跟表示活动的词。join“加入”,表示加入某个组织并且成为其中一员。direct指导;direct at针对,如:China will

have more solutions to direct at the problem of its ageing population.

中国将有更多解决人口老龄化问题的方法。

25. B. persuade

persuade 劝说,persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做某事。make 使,make sb. do sth.使某人做某事。需要注意make,have和let这三个动词后面都是跟不带to的不定式。cause引起,tell告诉。因此答案选B

26. B. However

根据上下文和逻辑关系,这个地方应是表示转折关系的连词,因此选B。

27. D. calling

call on 号召,call on sb. to do sth.表示号召某人做某事,符合语境。plead恳求,是不及物动词。beg请示,恳求,语气很强。insist坚持,insist on doing sth.坚持做某事。因此选D。

28. B. by

rather than连接一个并列的成分,在本句中,连接的是两个方式状语,即“by _7_”和“8

regulation”。因此选择by,“by +名词”做方式状语。

29. C. where

因为空缺后面是定语从句,而且先行词“in laboratories”是一个表示地点的状语,因此就选择where。

30.C. in mind

have sth. in mind把……记住,放在心上。这个句子表示的意思是时刻牢记那些非吸烟者的健康和快乐。因此选C。